Climate change and global warming results in melting sea ice in the Arctic. This is often articulated as opening up opportunities of natural resource extraction and new shipping routes in the Arctic that will result in increased maritime activities and societal changes. However, together with these opportunities also come the challenges of increased maritime activities that can result in several types of risks in the Arctic, like risks of pollution and risks of accidents, which generates needs of capacities for prevention, preparedness and response in case of oil spill response (OSR) and search and rescue (SAR) operations and institutions in the Arctic. Since the Arctic is such a huge territory with a relatively small number of stakeholders, spread over a huge territory, there is an increasing need for domestic and transnational cooperation among Arctic communities and states to prevent conflicts and develop further cooperation.
The course will focus on investigating and assessing possibilities of trans-border security risk management and partnership building in the Arctic among Arctic states. And between Arctic states and non-Arctic states that recently have gained access to the Arctic Council activities as observer states of the Arctic Council for the purpose of discussing gains and losses of an often suggested transformation of the Arctic Council from an intergovernmental forum of deliberations to a legally binding decision making organization.